Top Python Frameworks for Web Development: Building Successful Applications
Gone are the days when Java was the only popular programming language of choice for leading developers. Python’s flexibility, popularity, and short learning curve have propelled it to the top position. The rise of python web development has coincided with the growth of new technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and mobile and web app development.
Python provides several robust web development frameworks and libraries that can accelerate the development of server-side applications. In this blog, we’ll outline why Python is the top choice of web developers, along with enumerating the most popular frameworks used by Python software engineers today.
What is a Python Framework?
A python framework is a set of modules that offers pre-built operational functionalities to reduce development time considerably. By using the right framework, a python development company can assist its developers to quickly construct the application without wasting time on redundant low-level issues such as protocols, sockets, and thread management.
Unlike python libraries, frameworks offer significantly more customizability, allowing developers to outline complex internal parts easily.
What are the different types of Python Frameworks?
Python frameworks are largely divided into three categories based on scalability and required features.
Full stack framework
As the name suggests, full-stack frameworks cover both front-end and back-end development. Apart from tools for GUI design, such frameworks also encompass back-end services like databases, security protocols, and business logic.
As opposed to full-stack frameworks, microframeworks are lightweight and flexible, giving developers more control over their applications. With a simple yet extensible core, Python developers can choose to add third-party libraries when needed without having to commit beforehand. Bottle and CherryPy frameworks come under this category.
Instead of a line-by-line approach wherein, one function executes after the other, asynchronous frameworks allow for parallel programming eliminating the dependency between events. Asynchronous, non-blocking code lets developers work with concurrent connections via an async-capable server. Sanic and Tornado are the top examples in this category.
What are the best web development frameworks in Python?
The second most popular framework, Django, is a full-stack framework that you can use to build entire fleshed-out applications from scratch.
Flask is the most popular python framework for web development in the market. Essentially a microframework, Flask does not hold any tools or functions that a third-party library can easily fulfil.
Another framework that is inspired by Flask, accelerates API development with its inbuilt features.
A full-stack framework, Pyramid is easily scalable, making it perfectly suitable for small as well as full-scale web applications.
Fast, simple, and light, Bottle is a microframework that has few dependencies and collates everything into a single source file. It was originally designed to build APIs but also includes features such as routing, template, utilities, and a built-in HTTP server.
Tornado is an asynchronous framework that can handle thousands of concurrent users simultaneously with a non-blocking network I/O.
BlueDream boasts of competent component architecture, a transactional object database, and integrated security protocols along with its server and library. This full-stack framework is best used to build medium and large applications.
A minimalist microframework, CherryPy allows you to build an entire application using the basic principles of object-oriented programming.
Grok was built upon the concrete programming adages of DRY and CoC. Don’t repeat yourself or DRY standardizes abstractions to avoid repetition, while convention over configuration or CoC gives developers a conventional foundation to work with.
Data-driven and user-friendly, TurboGears doubles up as a full stack and a microframework.
Web2Py is a dynamic and feature-loaded full-stack framework that does not require installation or configuration. It is cross-platform and has its own Integrated Development Engine.
This microframework works best for applications dabbling in machine learning services and data science and is usually used to build analysis-oriented python applications.
Both asynchronous and microframework, Growler uses asyncio, Python’s asynchronous library, along with middleware to process HTTPS requests.
Similar to Flask in its build, Sanic’s asynchronicity makes it even faster, allowing it to process tens of thousands of requests per second.
What are the most popular frameworks in Python for web development?
While developing Python, the designers of the language chose to prioritize readability over everything else. Because of this founding tenet, Python uses the English language, has easily navigable code blocks separated by significant white space, and has extensive libraries full of pieces of code that a simple function call can plug in.
While there are several frameworks that offer myriad functions, most python web development happens across a select few frameworks that are immensely popular amongst python software engineers.
Flask, Django, FastAPI, CherryPy, and Bottle are the top 5 frameworks most commonly used while working with web applications, AI, and ML.
Why is Python so popular with web developers?
Python is widely used by the top software companies in the world. Its modularity and flexibility make learning and implementing across several different technologies and platforms easier.
Easy to understand
Python uses the English language quite intuitively, making it easy to grasp for new learners.
Extensive use of white space to separate code blocks, as opposed to the proliferation of special symbols in other programming languages, make it easier to read and comprehend.
A large, mature community to provides support
Its widespread popularity means Python developers have access to a vibrant and helpful community that’s eager to help and support other programmers.
Wide range of libraries
The wide range of libraries and packages lets developers avoid redundant, menial development tasks, saving them tons of time and money.
Python has a vast selection of frameworks suitable for every possible business requirement, with new frameworks regularly added.
Choosing the right framework for python web development is not easy, especially if your organization needs to gain the requisite skill and expertise needed to do so. And that’s where VLink’s Python developers’ team comes in. By hiring python developers from VLink, you can kickstart your project on the right note without worrying about talent acquisition and management. You can tap into a vast pool of experienced and talented remote software engineers to help you choose the right framework and develop your application according to rigorous quality standards.
To learn more about our python development services, contact us today.